Wednesday, 11 January 2017

The SSL Certificate And Your Website’s Security

SSL Certificate and Website Security
When you are surfing the internet, a lot of information is being exchanged between the web host and the device being used to surf the internet. This type of information can always be easily breached by hackers, especially if it involves online transactions and this has always been a major issue when dealing with the internet. Nowadays, cases of online theft are becoming increasingly popular. There is one way of determining whether a site is safe to use through an SSL Certificate which is powered by the beauty of cryptography.

How SSL Cryptography Works?

Cryptography ensures that data is transmitted in a means that only the intended party can access it. You can easily determine a site which has an SSL certificate by the padlock icon that is displayed beside the web address. So how do SSL certificates work? SSL in full is Secure Sockets Layer. An SSL certificate provides tight security during the exchange of data.
PadLock Icon Showing SSL Security
In SSL cryptography, encryption makes use of separate keys for the decryption and encryption of data. Encryption keys are public and anyone can use them. But the decryption keys (ones used to turn encrypted data into meaningful information) are private and are kept secret. The SSL certificate, on the other hand, can simply be described as a tiny data file that has the appropriate information about a certain website. The information can be quickly read by the host connection once the request for connection is received. It is through an SSL that a website can prove its authenticity to a web browser.

How To Get SSL Certificate?

ssl certificate
An SSL certificate is not handed out like a college certificate. There are a number of companies called Certificate Authorities (CA)that authenticate that a site/server is legitimate and sign a resultant digital certificate which is then stored, just like a cookie is stored on your browser. The certificate will continuously alert all incoming connections and protocols that the connection is trustworthy.

SSL Certificate Advantages

SSL Certificate benefiets
SSL certificates make online data-exchange, especially financial transactions, safer. It is a common rule of thumb not to trust any e-commerce site that does not have an SSL certificate. There is just too much information floating around online nowadays such as credit card info, banking information etc. The safety of all these vital information will be ensured by the SSL certificate, and every browser will accept the websites incoming connections. However, most small websites, such as blogs, don’t really need to supply an SSL certificate.

STEPS TO BECOME A HACKER


12 Simple Steps To Become A Hacker



HACKING is an engaging field but it is surely not easy. To become a hacker one has to have an attitude and curiosity of learning and adapting new skills. You must have a deep knowledge of computer systems, programming languages, operating systems and the journey of learning goes on and on. Some people think that a hacker is always a criminal and do illegal activities but they are wrong. Actually many big companies hire hackers to protect their systems and information and are highly paid. We have prepared a list of 12 most important steps necessary to become a hacker, have a deeper look

1. Learn UNIX/LINUX

UNIX/LINUX is an open source operating system which provides better security to computer systems. It was first developed by AT&T in Bell labs and contributed a lot in the world of security. You should install LINUX freely available open source versions on your desktops as without learning UNIX/LINUX, it is not possible to become a hacker.
2. Code in C language 
  • C programming is the base of learning UNIX/LINUX as this operating system is coded in C programming which makes it the most powerful language as compared to other programming languages. C language was developed by Dennis Ritchie in late 1970’s. To become a hacker you should master C language.

    3. Learn to code in more than one Programming Language

    programming languages

    It is important for a person in the hacking field to learn more than one programming. There are many programming languages to learn such as Python, JAVA, C++. Free eBooks, tutorials are easily available online.

    4. Learn Networking Concepts

    computer networking
    Another important and essential step to become a hacker is to be good at networking concepts and understanding how the networks are created. You need to know the differences between different types of networks and must have a clear understanding of TCP/IP and UDP to exploit vulnerabilities (loop holes) in system.
    Understanding what LAN, WAN, VPN, Firewall is also important.
    You must have a clear understanding and use of network tools such as Wireshark, NMAP for packet analyzing, network scanning etc.

    5. Learn More Than One Operating Systems 

    operating system
    It is essential for a hacker to learn more than one operating system. There are many other Operating systems apart from Windows, UNIX/LINUX etc. Every system has a loop hole, hacker needs it to exploit it.

    6. Learn Cryptography

    cryptography encryption
    To become a successful hacker you need to master the art of cryptography. Encryption and Decryption are important skills in hacking. Encryption is widely done in several aspects of information system security in authentication, confidentiality and integrity of data. Information on a network is in encrypted form such as passwords. While hacking a system, these encrypted codes needs to be broken, which is called decryption.

    7. Learn more and more about hacking

    hacking or hackers
    Go through various tutorials, eBooks written by experts in the field of hacking. In the field of hacking, learning is never ending because security changes every day with new updates in systems.

    8. Experiment A Lot

    experiment
    After learning some concepts, sit and practice them. Setup your own lab for experimental purpose. You need a good computer system to start with as some tools may require powerful processor, RAM etc. Keep on Testing and learning until you breach a system.

    9. Write Vulnerability (Loop hole program)

    hacking vulnerability

    Vulnerability is the weakness, loop hole or open door through which you enter the system. Look for vulnerabilities by scanning the system, network etc. Try to write your own and exploit the system.


    10. Contribute To Open Source Security Projects

    open source software
    An open source computer security project helps you a lot in polishing and testing your hacking skills. It’s not a piece of cake to get it done. Some organizations such as MOZILLA, APACHE offer open source projects. Contribute and be a part of them even if your contribution is small, it will add a big value to your field.

    11. Continue never ending Learning 

    learning hacking
    Learning is the key to success in the world of hacking. Continuous learning and practicing will make you the best hacker. Keep yourself updated about security changes and learn about new ways to exploit systems

    12. Join Discussions and meet hackers 

    discussion
    Most important for a hacker is to make a community or join forums, discussions with other hackers worldwide, so that they can exchange and share their knowledge and work as a team. Join Facebook groups related to hacking where you can get more from experts.